Energy and environment 2017

Krafla Magma

Krafla, Iceland


Research consortium


Volcanic monitoring technology, Geothermal technology

The Krafla Magma Testbed (KMT) is a testbed that gathers magma and geothermal scientists from around the world to see a 2.1 km deep hole being drilled directly into a magma chamber below a volcano in Iceland. The testbed provides an opportunity for innovation by developing new, qualified and tested technology. It will develop or improve monitoring techniques for volcanology; including real-time calibrations. It will also push drilling and sensor technology to the crust’s high-temperature maximum.

What was tested

Magma prospecting; Volcano Monitoring; Magma-Hydrothermal coupling

Testbed purpose

Multi-disciplinary approach to further the understanding of magma and thereby aiding the cause of protecting people, towns and cities across the world from volcanic disasters, and stepping up the use of geothermal energy.


Volcanic drilling operations

Use cases

  • Testing innovation for verification and proof-of-concept
  • Address market failures or grand challenges

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